The intranet is a standalone or private part of the internet transferred to the internal environment of a corporate or academic local LAN. The intranet works on interconnected network hardware that allows users to access and retrieve resources from within the network and access non-intranet access to people without access rights.
Intranet started at the same time as the first academic network, which was before the Internet itself. The first intranet pages were pages with static content. There has been an idea that has been preserved to this day: create private sites that would only appear in protected areas of the server, divide content and create simple profiles that assign users access rights and who determines who can and can see.
Today, most of larger and some smaller businesses use some accounting, financial or complex business system, often based on web technologies. Many companies today consider the most important part of the database system in which much of their information is stored. Driving, apparently, with a sentence: "Everything is data, data is information, and you are in the database." Everything around is just a way of accessing these data.
The business system can be created as a client application querying the database, but it can also work with a web-based enterprise information system. And the intranet is one way of accessing data.
From the perspective of the user, the intranet is an environment in which it behaves the same to many different information sources. In practice, this means that he pays a pizza from the same environment, finds a new phone number, and plans his subordinates to make the most of their time.
The base and the center of the intranet network is a web server that can be a standalone computer or just a software extension of a classic network server. The primary requirement of such a connection is TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) support, or "Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol". It is actually a group of protocols used on the Internet to distinguish the recipient of the message.
Although it depends on the requirements of each individual company what it will require from its intranet, there are a few basic elements that should be common to all:
The intranet should be modular, which means that the individual applications and tools used should be replaceable, easily updated and manageable at any time.
The basic module of the system (intranet kernel) that can run individual lines and other modules, recognizes individual users' rights, works with databases, displays modules and web applications in given layouts.
Allows text content to be filled, inserting graphics into pre-selected layouts, adding links to other pages. It is a tool for setting user rights, creating groups, editing and creating profiles, modules, applications, linking and sharing data.
The module displays links to the most recent events in the company (internal) and current Internet news (external), for example: links to news, weather, stock indices, etc.
A stand-alone calendar with information on the current time and date, from which anyone with the right to install corporate events, seminars, and other time-dependent information can be added to the admin section. Reminders of individual tasks and appointments.
This module is capable of emailing POP3 mail handling from anywhere and / or IMAP to work with a corporate exchange server.
(eMeet - electronic consultations)
This module is part of most websites and intranet systems. Discussion boards can act as a place and tool for electronic consultations.
A simple module for viewing traffic statistics. It allows a more precise focus of business on a specific customer segment.
Module for recording corporate and private contacts, linking the database to the possibility of sending offers and news.
This module is part of the vast majority of intranet systems. This can be a web page that is accessible to the user and his / her profile and allows you to see, for example, your own notes.
The IS report could be a universal module that can look directly into the database or via a client application or form into the enterprise information system and provide a report based on user requirements and rights. It can act as an interface between a closed enterprise IS and an intranet that is also accessible from an external environment, such as a PDA, to provide information when needed.
This module is one of the cornerstones of an interactive intranet. An administrator can create a homepage for each team in the company, add new modules to them, share certain parts of each other, and save time, identify the authorized person for their administration and posts and links.
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